Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Simeulue Scops-owl (Otus umbra)


Taxonomy

French: Petit-duc de Simalur German: Simalur-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de la Simeulue
Taxonomy:

Pisorhina umbra

Richmond

, 1903,

Simeulue

.

Probably close to O. enganensis and O. alius. Previously considered race of either O. scops or O. sunia. Sometimes treated as conspecific with O. enganensis, but vocalizations apparently very different. Monotypic.

Distribution:

Simeulue I, off NW Sumatra.

Descriptive notes

16–18 cm; c. 90–100 g. Overall reddish-brown with shortish ear tufts, rounded wing; facial disc paler, plain rufous; crown with few thin shaft streaks; upperparts... read more

Voice

Male territorial call two steady notes followed by higher and rising note, “pook-pook-pupook... read more

Habitat

Forest edge and remnant forest on steep slopes, especially coastal forest; noted also in clove... read more

Food and feeding

Probably insects and other arthropods.

Breeding

No published information. Recorded singing on clear nights in Mar. Probably nests in tree cavities.

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Reports of status differ; usually said to be rare or “possibly rare”, but one source... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2019). Simeulue Scops-owl (Otus umbra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/54969 on 22 October 2019).