Family Typical Owls (Strigidae)

Near Threatened

Simeulue Scops-owl (Otus umbra)


French: Petit-duc de Simalur German: Simalur-Zwergohreule Spanish: Autillo de la Simeulue

Pisorhina umbra


, 1903,



Probably close to O. enganensis and O. alius. Previously considered race of either O. scops or O. sunia. Sometimes treated as conspecific with O. enganensis, but vocalizations apparently very different. Monotypic.


Simeulue I, off NW Sumatra.

Descriptive notes

16–18 cm; c. 90–100 g. Overall reddish-brown with shortish ear tufts, rounded wing; facial disc paler, plain rufous; crown with few thin shaft streaks; upperparts... read more


Male territorial call two steady notes followed by higher and rising note, “pook-pook-pupook... read more


Forest edge and remnant forest on steep slopes, especially coastal forest; noted also in clove... read more

Food and feeding

Probably insects and other arthropods.


No published information. Recorded singing on clear nights in Mar. Probably nests in tree cavities.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES II. Reports of status differ; usually said to be rare or “possibly rare”, but one source... read more

Recommended citation

Holt, D.W., Berkley, R., Deppe, C., Enríquez Rocha, P., Petersen, J.L., Rangel Salazar, J.L., Segars, K.P., Wood, K.L. & Marks, J.S. (2020). Simeulue Scops-owl (Otus umbra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 20 February 2020).