Family Finches (Fringillidae)

Least Concern

Sinai Rosefinch (Carpodacus synoicus)


French: Roselin du Sinaï German: Einödgimpel Spanish: Camachuelo del Sinaí

Pyrrhula synoica


, 1825,

Mount Sinai, north-east Egypt


Hitherto treated as conspecific with C. stoliczkae (see that species). Proposed race petrae (described from Petra, in SW Jordan) slightly smaller, but differences minimal and some overlap in measurements, hence synonymized. Monotypic.


S Israel, NE Egypt (Sinai), SW Jordan and extreme NW Saudi Arabia.

Descriptive notes

14·5–15·5 cm; 17–24 g. Medium-large, conical-billed, slender, pale rosefinch with long notched tail. Male has bright pinkish-crimson lower... read more


Song a melodious and varied musical jumble, including buzzing notes. Calls include a short “... read more


Dry, barren and treeless mountains, hillside and valley scrub, edges of stony and rocky sandstone... read more

Food and feeding

Mostly seeds, buds, shoots and leaves. Details of diet not well known, but takes seeds of yellow bugloss (Alkanna orientalis),... read more


Season late Mar to Jul; two broods. Monogamous. Solitary and loosely colonial. Territorial; territory small, mostly of only tens of square... read more


Resident and altitudinal migrant. Sedentary in mild winters, or makes short-distance movement to... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Scarce to uncommon or locally common. Probably most numerous in mountains of Jordan, Sinai and NW Saudi Arabia. In Dana Reserve, in S... read more

Recommended citation

Clement, P. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Sinai Rosefinch (Carpodacus synoicus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).