Recent study indicated that this species is closest to M. semitorquatus, with M. buckleyi sister to this pair, all three forming a distinct clade#R. Birds from NW of range (Costa Rica to W Colombia) occasionally treated as separate race, extimus, but not normally recognized. Monotypic.
Costa Rica, Panama and Colombia S down W slope of Andes to NW Ecuador (Esmeraldas), and E through Amazonia to the Guianas and NC Brazil (NE Pará) and S to C Bolivia; also E Brazil (Espírito Santo).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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