Montaña of Vitoc, Peru.
Hitherto treated as conspecific with L. albidiventer (which see). Most populations show extraordinary individual variation (especially in wingbar colour), even at a single locality, and most named races cannot be distinguished from one another, e.g. hellmayri (Costa Rica and W Panama), transandinus (E Panama to W Ecuador), poliocephalus (C & E Andes of Colombia), venezuelensis (N Venezuela) and pariae (extreme NE Venezuela and Trinidad). Monotypic.
Mountains of Costa Rica and Panama, Colombia (all three cordilleras), Venezuela–Colombia border (Sierra de Perijá), N Venezuela (Andes and Coastal Range, and Paria Peninsula), Trinidad, Ecuador (both slopes) and E Peru (S to Ayacucho).
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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