Santiago, Veraguas, Panama.
Most closely related to P. erythrocercum, and formerly treated as conspecific; a recent genetic study#R found these two to be sister to Megaxenops. Race erythronotum has been treated as separate species, but sound recordings of nominate apparently non-existent; disjunct population in W Ecuador probably represents an undescribed taxon, although vocally similar to erythronotum. Proposed race fulvescens (described from single specimen from N Colombia) represents plumage variant of erythronotum. Two subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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