Family Tinamous (Tinamidae)

Least Concern

Small-billed Tinamou (Crypturellus parvirostris)


French: Tinamou à petit bec German: Kleinschnabeltinamu Spanish: Tinamú piquicorto

Crypturus parvirostris


, 1827,



Phenotypic analysis shows that this species and C. tataupa are sisters#R. Monotypic.


SE Peru and most of Brazil S of Amazon (S to NW Rio Grande do Sul) to N & E Bolivia, Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

20–32 cm; male 141–205 g, female 176–250 g. Variable grey and brown bird with curved bill, somewhat like a rail (Rallidae) in overall appearance. Male has... read more


Clear ringing notes, accelerating and rising in pitch (notes sometimes described as being sharp and... read more


Tropical forest (often secondary), riverbank vegetation, stands of bamboo, scrub, grassland with... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of grasses, leguminous plants, Cyperaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Malvaceae, etc.; large amounts of termites (Isoptera) and ants (Formicidae... read more


Nests with eggs (2–5) or incubating adults recorded Sep–Apr, hatching in Nov, Feb and Mar, and small chicks in May. In... read more


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Relatively common to locally uncommon. Common in much of Brazil, but appears to be declining in cerrado of C Brazil as a... read more

Recommended citation

Cabot, J., Christie, D.A., Jutglar, F. & Sharpe, C.J. (2018). Small-billed Tinamou (Crypturellus parvirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 October 2018).