Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Small Ground-finch (Geospiza fuliginosa)


French: Géospize fuligineux German: Kleingrundfink Spanish: Pinzón de Darwin fuliginoso

Geospiza fuliginosa


, 1837,

Galapagos Islands


Present species hybridizes rarely with G. fortis, although commonly on the small island of Daphne Mayor (N of Santa Cruz)#R. Monotypic.


Galapagos Is: islands of Pinta, Marchena, Fernandina, Isabela, Santiago, Rábida, Pinzón, Baltra, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe, Floreana and satellites, San Cristóbal I and Española.

Descriptive notes

10–10·5 cm; 12–17 g. The smallest member of genus, with small and dainty bill slightly longer than it is deep and with culmen relatively straight, giving... read more


Classic songs tend to repeat 2 buzzy or nasal notes, “clzeeuu clzeeuu” or “chzzuu... read more


Found in all habitats at all elevations, and most common in arid and transition zones; numbers in... read more

Food and feeding

Varied diet includes small seeds, buds and insects. Bulk of diet consists of small seeds; much of remainder made up of arthropods, with... read more


Nest built by male, a sphere with entrance towards top at side, made from dry grasses and other vegetation. Clutch usually 4 eggs, whitish... read more


Largely resident; some upslope movements in non-breeding season. Some dispersal between islands... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Common to abundant; widespread and found in all habitats. Occurs on almost all islands of the Galapagos Archipelago. Recent increase... read more

Recommended citation

Jaramillo, A. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Small Ground-finch (Geospiza fuliginosa). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 24 January 2020).