Family Tanagers (Thraupidae)

Least Concern

Small Tree-finch (Geospiza parvula)


French: Géospize minuscule German: Zwergdarwinfink Spanish: Pinzón de Darwin chico

Geospiza parvula


, 1837,

Santiago (formerly James Island), Galapagos Islands


See G. psittacula. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. p. parvula Gould, 1837 – Pinta, Fernandina, Isabela, Santiago, Rábida, Pinzón, Baltra, Santa Cruz, Santa Fe and Floreana, in Galapagos Is.
  • G. p. salvini (Ridgway, 1894) – San Cristóbal, in SE Galapagos Is.
  • Descriptive notes

    11 cm; 11–16 g. The smallest tree-finch, with tiny rounded bill shape similar to that of some Sporophila seedeaters; proportionately short and weak tail. Male... read more


    Song a high-pitched double note, “zee-tzee, zee-tzee”; song parameters appear... read more


    Forest areas, agricultural land with trees, also in parts of drier zone where tall shrubs and other... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet mostly insects and other small arthropods; also seeds, fruit, buds, and sometimes flower nectar. Forages mostly above ground in... read more


    Nest built by male, a sphere with entrance at side towards top, made from dry grasses and other vegetation (often moss and lichen used in... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Common and widespread. Appears to be the most common and the most widespread of the Galapagos tree-finches. Recent increase in prevalence of avian... read more

    Recommended citation

    Jaramillo, A. & Christie, D.A. (2019). Small Tree-finch (Geospiza parvula). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).