French: Pic enfumé German: Rußspecht Spanish: Carpintero ahumado
Subspecies and Distribution
L. f. oleagineus
(Reichenbach, 1854) – SW & E Mexico (Nayarit to Guerrero, and SW Tamaulipas to Puebla and W Veracruz).
L. f. sanguinolentus
(P. L. Sclater, 1859) – C & S Mexico (Veracruz and N Oaxaca) to W Panama.
L. f. reichenbachi
(Cabanis & Heine, 1863) – N & NE Venezuela (Coastal Range).
L. f. fumigatus
(d’Orbigny, 1840) – E Panama and Colombia (including Santa Marta Mts), Sierra de Perijá, and Andes from W Venezuela S through Ecuador and E Peru to W Bolivia and NW Argentina (Jujuy).
L. f. obscuratus
(Chapman, 1927) – SW Ecuador (El Oro and W Loja) to NW Peru (Huancabamba and bend of R Marañón).
18 cm; 31–40 g (sanguinolentus), 36–42 g (oleagineus), 35–50 g (reichenbachi). Male has red forehead to nape, forehead and... read more
Short “wick”, “chuk”, “pwik” or “quip”, softer and... read more
Humid and wet forest, cloudforest, dry montane woodland with Eugenia, alder (Alnus... read more
Food and feeding
Small wood-boring beetles and their larvae comprise bulk of diet, occasionally supplemented with fruits. In pairs throughout year, but... read more
Feb–Jun in Central America, Feb–Mar in N Venezuela, and Oct–Apr in Colombia. Nest-hole dug by both sexes, 1·5–8 m... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common in Central America, perhaps somewhat less common farther S; uncommon to fairly common in Ecuador, fairly common in Peru,... read more
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