Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Smoky Bush-tyrant (Myiotheretes fumigatus)


French: Moucherolle enfumé German: Rußbuschtyrann Spanish: Birro ahumado

Tyrannula fumigata


, 1840,

“Bogota,” Colombia


See M. pernix. Four subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • M. f. olivaceus (Phelps, Sr & Phelps, Jr, 1953) – N Colombia (Sierra de Perijá) and W Venezuela (Cerro Tetari, in W Zulia, and R Chiquito, in S Táchira).
  • M. f. lugubris (Berlepsch, 1883) – Andes of W Venezuela (Trujillo S to N Táchira).
  • M. f. fumigatus (Boissonneau, 1840) – Andes of Colombia and N Ecuador.
  • M. f. cajamarcae (Chapman, 1927) – S Ecuador (Cañar) and Peru (on W slope S to Cajamarca, on E slope S to Cuzco).
  • Descriptive notes

    18–20·5 cm. Dark and nondescript flycatcher, almost like a thrush (Turdidae). Nominate race has narrow white supercilium; uniform dark smoky brown above, wings and tail... read more


    Relatively quiet; pre-dawn song a sustained series of whistled “cheea, cheea, cheea, chuéé”,... read more


    Middle growth and subcanopy of humid montane and elfin forests; often at edge of clearings and on... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Found singly or in pairs, occasionally accompanying mixed flocks. Perches just below the canopy; alert and erect posture. Usually... read more


    In Colombia, Jul–Aug in Sierra de Perijá and N & E Andes and Nov in Cundinamarca; fledglings in Feb in S Colombia (Cauca)... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common; rare in Peru. Occurs in Guaramacal and Sierra Nevada National Parks, in Venezuela, and all national parks in Andes... read more

    Recommended citation

    Farnsworth, A., Langham, G. & de Juana, E. (2020). Smoky Bush-tyrant (Myiotheretes fumigatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 February 2020).