Family Leaf-warblers (Phylloscopidae)

Least Concern

Smoky Warbler (Phylloscopus fuligiventer)


French: Pouillot enfumé German: Rußlaubsänger Spanish: Mosquitero ahumado

H[orornis].? fuligiventer


, 1845,



Sometimes treated as conspecific with P. fuscatus. Race weigoldi previously placed with that species, but detailed studies#R#R indicate that it differs vocally from both races of P. fuscatus and is genetically much closer to present species; similarly, race tibetanus placed in P. fuscatus by some authors#R#R, but better placed with present species#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • P. f. fuligiventer (Hodgson, 1845) – Himalayas of Uttarakhand, Nepal and SW China (S Xizang), Sikkim and Bhutan; non-breeding adjacent foothills and N & NE India.
  • P. f. tibetanus Ticehurst, 1937 – S China (SE Tibetan Plateau along R Yarlung Tsangpo from Tsari E to R Salween)#R#R; non-breeding NE India (Arunachal Pradesh and N Assam).
  • P. f. weigoldi Stresemann, 1923 – #RWC China (E Qinghai and E Xizang E to NW, W & C Sichuan); non-breeding Himalayan foothills of Nepal E to NE India (Arunachal Pradesh, Assam).
  • Descriptive notes

    10–11 cm. A small to ­medium-sized drab brown leaf-warbler with rather indistinct super­cilium. Nominate race has dull whitish or whitish-buff to yellowish... read more


    Song is a repeated single note, “tsli-tsli-tsli” and so on, or a more disyllabic... read more


    Breeds in dwarf juniper (Juniperus) and other low-growing vegetation in rocky and boulder-... read more

    Food and feeding

    Food mostly small insects and larvae. Usually singly or in pairs. Forages low down in vegetation or on the ground; in summer clambers among... read more


    Poorly known. Season May–Aug; fledged young in Nepal in Aug. No other information available.


    Altitudinal migrant, making post-breeding descent to lower levels. Vagrant in Bangladesh.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally common in Bhutan, scarce in SW China; uncommon or locally common in Nepal, and uncommon in N India.

    Recommended citation

    Clement, P. (2019). Smoky Warbler (Phylloscopus fuligiventer). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 June 2019).