Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Snethlage's Tody-tyrant (Hemitriccus minor)


French: Todirostre de Snethlage German: Kleintodityrann Spanish: Titirijí de Snethlage

Euscarthmus zosterops minor

E. Snethlage

, 1907,

Arumateua, left bank, lower Rio Tocantins, central Pará, Brazil


In past, sometimes placed in Snethlagea, on basis of unusual nostril and bill shapes, features shared with H. spodiops. Previously considered conspecific with H. minimus. Race pallens may be a separate species; specimens allegedly of this race from S Venezuela (Amazonas) require re-examination in light of recent significant taxonomic clarifications in this and related species. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • H. m. pallens (Todd, 1925) – WC Brazil on both sides of Amazon, from Amazonas (very near Peruvian border) E to W banks of R Negro and R Madeira.
  • H. m. snethlageae (E. H. Snethlage, 1937) – C Amazonian Brazil (from right bank of R Madeira E to right bank of R Tapajós, S to N Rondônia and NW Mato Grosso) and NE Bolivia (E Beni, N Santa Cruz).
  • H. m. minor (E. Snethlage, 1907) – E Amazonian Brazil in C Pará (vicinity of lower R Xingu and R Tocantins).
  • Descriptive notes

    10 cm; 7–7·9 g. Bill quite wide at base, with unusually large, rounded nostrils. Nominate race has crown and upper­parts olive-green, crown feathers somewhat... read more


    Several variants of rapid, gravelly, nasal trills (similar to Lophotriccus vitiosus) often... read more


    Tropical evergreen forest, mostly terra firme and tall second growth (nominate and ... read more

    Food and feeding

    Insects. Forages singly or in pairs, 3–8 m above ground in dense vegetation; makes short upward strikes to glean prey from underside... read more


    No published information. Nest reported as being pendent, in style typical of other members of the genus.



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Locally fairly common to common. Occurs in Anavilhanas Ecological Station and Jaú National Park, in Brazil, and Noel Kempff Mercado National Park, in... read more

    Recommended citation

    Clock, B. (2020). Snethlage's Tody-tyrant (Hemitriccus minor). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 26 January 2020).