Family Pheasants, Partridges, Turkeys, Grouse (Phasianidae)

Near Threatened

Snow Mountain Quail (Anurophasis monorthonyx)


French: Caille de montagne German: Schneegebirgswachtel Spanish: Codorniz papúa

Anurophasis monorthonyx

van Oort

, 1910,

at 3800 metres, Oranje (Snow) Mountains, New Guinea


Has been included in genus Coturnix. Monotypic.


Kemabu Plateau, Mt Wilhelmina and Mt Carstenz (Snow Mts) and Star Mts, in WC New Guinea.

Descriptive notes

c. 25–28 cm; c. 401 g. Distinctive combination of large size and blackish barring above and below; male has underparts chestnut-brown with dark barring, otherwise... read more


Only known call a noisy squeal when flushed, an over-slurred modulated “squeeeah” repeated 4–5... read more


Found in alpine grassland and at edges of alpine scrub, on N slopes between 3100 m and 3800 m.

Food and feeding

Flower heads, leaves, seeds, foliage and caterpillars reported. Recorded alone or in groups of 2–3 individuals.


Only information is three eggs in a despression nest beside a grass tussock in Sept; eggs pale brown with dark chocolate spots.


Presumed to be sedentary. Flushes noisily, and only when especially hard-pressed, alighting again... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Mace Lande: safe. Numbers probably small, given tiny range; occurs in Central New Guinean High Mountains... read more

Recommended citation

McGowan, P.J.K., Kirwan, G.M. & Boesman, P. (2019). Snow Mountain Quail (Anurophasis monorthonyx). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).