Family Old World Buntings (Emberizidae)

Near Threatened

Socotra Bunting (Emberiza socotrana)


French: Bruant de Socotra German: Sokotraammer Spanish: Escribano de Socotora

Fringillaria socotrana

Ogilvie-Grant and H. O. Forbes

, 1899,

Adho Dimellus, 4000 feet [c. 1220 m], Socotra


Sometimes placed in genus Fringillaria. Monotypic.


Socotra I.

Descriptive notes

13–14 cm; 13–16 g. Male has striking head pattern of black and white stripes; grey-brown mantle streaked blackish-brown, back pale grey with blackish chevrons,... read more


Male song a clear “tseeto tee too” or “tseit tsoo tsee tsoo”. Juvenile gives high-pitched “tseeep”.


Favours rocky hill slopes with relatively dense grass and shrub vegetation; sometimes found close... read more

Food and feeding

Diet mainly grass seeds. Forages on ground; also takes seeds direct from grass-heads. In small flocks in non-breeding season.


Little known; nest undescribed. Breeds during winter rains: males singing in late Nov through to Feb, female with brood patch in Feb, and... read more


Resident, with some movement to lower elevations outside the breeding season.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Socotra EBA. Rare and local. Considered at risk because of its tiny global... read more

Recommended citation

Ryan, P. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Socotra Bunting (Emberiza socotrana). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 18 February 2020).