Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Socotra Starling (Onychognathus frater)


Taxonomy

French: Rufipenne de Socotra German: Sokotrastar Spanish: Estornino de Socotora
Taxonomy:

Amydrus frater

P. L. Sclater and Hartlaub

, 1881,

Socotra

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Socotra.

Descriptive notes

25 cm; 100 g. Rather large, dark starling with fairly long, slightly graduated tail. Plumage is uniformly glossy black, except for reddish-brown primaries with dark brown... read more

Voice

Most frequent call a clear, far-carrying whistle, "pee-hoo"; alarm a harsh "scraich... read more

Habitat

Breeds and roosts in rocky areas; favours wooded areas for feeding, also visiting town gardens.

Food and feeding

Diet mainly fruit and insects. Fruits recorded include those of Ficus, Zizyphus and Dracaena cinnabari; legume... read more

Breeding

Nest-building and incubation observed in Nov; sightings of juveniles indicate breeding also Dec–Mar. Nest apparently a pile of grass... read more

Movements

Resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Restricted range species: present in Socotra EBA. Population estimated at 12,000 individuals in 2003. Species' conservation status formerly rated... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2019). Socotra Starling (Onychognathus frater). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/60885 on 23 September 2019).