French: Chevalier solitaire German: Einsamer Wasserläufer Spanish: Andarríos solitario
A. Wilson, 1813,
Pocono Mountains, Pennsylvania, USA.
Formerly considered conspecific with T. ochropus. Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
T. s. cinnamomea
(Brewster, 1890) – C & S Alaska through Yukon, W Northwest Territories and N British Columbia to NE Manitoba, generally N of 60° N; winters from N South America S to C Argentina.
T. s. solitaria
A. Wilson, 1813 – E British Columbia through SC Canada to Quebec and Labrador, S to c. 50° N; winters from C Mexico and West Indies to South America S to N Argentina, and occasionally in S USA (from Texas to Florida).
18–21 cm; 31–69 g; wingspan 55–59 cm. Adult has dark upperparts with pale spots; head and breast finely streaked dark brown; the only Tringa with... read more
On breeding grounds, two song types are given: type I songs are given from ground, from high... read more
Wet boreal muskeg forest, usually in rather open terrain with scattered trees. Outside breeding... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes aquatic insects and their larvae, small crustaceans, spiders, terrestrial insects (e.g. grasshoppers) and even small frogs.... read more
Lays between late May and mid Jun (perhaps late Jun). Often uses old tree nests of passerines, such as American Robin (... read more
Migratory, overland on broad fronts, extending right across North America, but main passage E of... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Population of cinnamomea numbers fewer than 10,000 birds (perhaps just 4000), while that of nominate race has been placed at... read more
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