French: Bécassine solitaire German: Einsiedlerbekassine Spanish: Agachadiza solitaria
Validity of races uncertain. Two subspecies normally recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
G. s. solitaria
Hodgson, 1831 – high mountains of C Asia in SC Siberia, Mongolia through Altai to NW China; winters in Tien Shan and Pamirs to Himalayas S to Pakistan and N India, and E to Myanmar.
G. s. japonica
(Bonaparte, 1856) – mountains of SE Siberia and NE China (Heilongjiang), and from Stanovoy Mts through Dzhugdzhur and Kolymskiy Mts to Kamchatka; winters from Amurland and Sakhalin S to Korea, Japan and E China.
29–31 cm; 126–227 g; wingspan 51–56 cm. Largest of Palearctic snipes, except G. nemoricola; large and heavy (flight often slower than other snipe... read more
On breeding grounds, in display flight male gives distinctive and deep-sounding “chok-achocka”... read more
Almost exclusively found at high altitudes, 1500–5000 m, well above treeline; river valleys,... read more
Food and feeding
Diet includes small snails, worms, beetles, insect larvae, flies. Feeds by probing in wet grass and mud. Whole body bobs up and down while... read more
Very poorly known. Breeds late Jun to Aug. Nest a well-concealed depression in shrubs, sparsely surrounded or lined with dead rushes, grass... read more
Partial migrant; generally moves only short distances. Some birds essentially sedentary, being... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Included in Russian Red Data Book, in category “insufficiently studied species”. Numbers generally appear to be low, and... read more
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