Family Tinamous (Tinamidae)

Near Threatened

Solitary Tinamou (Tinamus solitarius)


French: Tinamou solitaire German: Grausteißtinamu Spanish: Tinamú macuco

Cryptura solitaria


, 1819,



Previously considered by some authors to be probably a race of T. major#R; recent work suggests that it is sister-species to T. tao#R. Formerly subdivided into two races, with NE birds treated as pernambucensis, but recent study shows the two to be indistinguishable, with notable individual variation#R. Monotypic.


E Brazil (Pernambuco S to Rio Grande do Sul and W to Mato Grosso do Sul) to SE Paraguay and extreme NE Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

42·5–48 cm; male 1014–1500 g, female 1710–1900 g. Large drab to cinnamon-brown tinamou with noticeable ochre markings on neck. Forehead to hindneck... read more


Call a whistled hoot. During breeding male gives trilling chororocado call, female gives longer,... read more


Tropical and subtropical forest, preferably warm and moist, but occurs also in areas with cold dry... read more

Food and feeding

Seeds of many plant species, including those of families Rutaceae, Euphorbiaceae, Annonaceae, also small fruits, berries and other plant... read more


Few data on season; male with brood patch in Oct; often two broods in a season. Nest-site selection and construction by male, nest a slight... read more


Presumably sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. CITES I. Very little is known about this species. Apparently rare throughout almost entire range, and... read more

Recommended citation

Cabot, J., Jutglar, F., Garcia, E.F.J. & Sharpe, C.J. (2020). Solitary Tinamou (Tinamus solitarius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 February 2020).