Family Frogmouths (Podargidae)

Near Threatened

Solomons Frogmouth (Rigidipenna inexpectata)


French: Podarge des Salomon German: Salomonenschwalm Spanish: Podargo de las Salomón

Podargus inexpectatus

E. J. O. Hartert

, 1901,

Santa Isabel, Solomon Islands


Until recently, treated as a subspecies of Podargus ocellatus, but monotypic separation at generic level based on tail morphology and osteological characters, with eight vs ten rectrices, coarse outer rectrices (9 vs 15 barbs per cm), stiff, broad and rounded vs soft, narrow and pointed central rectrices, plus 13 unique differences in bone structure and a clear genetic separation from all Podargus and Batrachostomus#R. Shows strong superficial resemblance to Batrachostomus auritus, although differs in structural details and lacks white hindneck-collar. Monotypic.


N Solomon Is (Bougainville, Choiseul, Santa Isabel and San Jorge); reported also from Buka I (N of Bougainville)#R.

Descriptive notes

37 cm. A large podargid with eight rectrices. Crown brown, usually lightly mottled with pale buffish spots. Nape, back and rump brown, sometimes tinged rufous, and faintly... read more


Two vocalizations have been described: a series of short whistles that rise in pitch and... read more


Encountered in primary forest, secondary growth and gardens, from sea-level to at least 700 m.

Food and feeding

No information available. Probably consumes large insects.


Little known. A specimen was taken on a shallow nest that held an almost fledged nestling in August; the nest was a platform of sticks on... read more


Presumably resident.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently regarded as Near Threatened since it has a small range and is probably subject to some habitat loss and degradation through clearing for... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2020). Solomons Frogmouth (Rigidipenna inexpectata). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 9 April 2020).