Family Nightjars (Caprimulgidae)


Solomons Nightjar (Eurostopodus nigripennis)


French: Engoulevent des Salomon German: Salomonennachtschwalbe Spanish: Chotacabras de las Salomón

Eurystopodus [sic] mystacalis nigripennis

E. P. Ramsay

, 1882,

Solomon Islands


Until recently considered conspecific with E. mystacalis and E. exul, but differs from the former in its song, a “rising series of ‘knocking’ notes… similar to an axe hitting wood” vs “rapid series of bubbling ‘wows’”#R (3); considerably smaller size (effect size for wing difference –3.5) (2); wing with short but distinct white bar on P4 vs single white spot (2); supposedly more distinct rufous collar and more distinctly barred undertail not apparent on all specimens. It differs from E. exul in its longer wing (at least 2), much darker upperparts (3), less well-marked dark crown (at least 1), and presence of a rufous hindcollar (1). Monotypic.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.

N & C Solomon Is (including Bougainville).

Descriptive notes

25–30 cm. Resembles E. mystacalis but smaller (wing of female 218–223 mm, versus mean 253·5 mm) and slightly paler, with a tawnier nuchal collar and small white... read more


The song is described as similar to an axe hitting wood, a rising series of staccato notes at a... read more


Confined to coasts, occurring from sea level to 300 m, where it occurs in forests and in woodland... read more

Food and feeding

No information available.


Little known. Thought to nest during Oct–Dec. Clutch is one egg, generally smaller (33·3–37·8 mm × 25–26·3 mm) than that of E.... read more


Presumably resident.

Status and conservation

VULNERABLE. Restricted-range species: present in Solomons Group EBA. Rare and very poorly known; seems to have a very small population that is apparently declining. Reports... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Sharpe, C.J. & Garcia, E.F.J. (2019). Solomons Nightjar (Eurostopodus nigripennis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 15 November 2019).