Long considered conspecific with S. camelus, but since turn of century commonly given species status, and this view accepted here on basis of strong grey-blue vs pink, reddish or pinkish-grey neck and legs (3); deeper black plumage (1); black scutes on lower tarsi (1); pale brownish-grey (or greyish-blue in female) vs dark brown eye (1); bare crown with raised horny hump (2); parapatric distribution with nominate camelus in Ethiopia#R and evidently virtually so with massaicus in Kenya#R#R (3). Genetic study#R also strongly supports this separation. Monotypic.
S & SE Ethiopia, Djibouti and Somalia S to N & E Kenya.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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