Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Somali Wheatear (Oenanthe phillipsi)


Taxonomy

French: Traquet de Somalie German: Somalisteinschmätzer Spanish: Collalba somalí
Taxonomy:

Saxicola phillipsi

Shelley

, 1885,

mountains near Berbera, Somalia

.

Has been treated as race of O. oenanthe, but genetic data counterindicate any close relationship. Monotypic.

Distribution:

N & C Somalia (S to c. 4° N) and SE Ethiopia (Somali Region).

Descriptive notes

14 cm. Male is bluish-grey from crown to back and scapulars, with narrow white line from above bill to behind ear-coverts, white line between scapulars and black wings, black... read more

Voice

Song unknown. Calls include sharp metallic click, repeated low long whistle, and double buzz... read more

Habitat

Open stony ground, semi-desert, light bush, grassland and burnt-grass areas; mainly at 600–... read more

Food and feeding

Insects, including grasshoppers, beetles, ants, mantises and larvae. Forages by scanning from perch and flying down to terrestrial prey.

Breeding

Apr–Jun. Nest made of grass and hair, placed on ground under bush, rock or fallen branch. Eggs 3–4, turquoise-blue with reddish... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Locally common.

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2019). Somali Wheatear (Oenanthe phillipsi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58538 on 26 August 2019).