French: Bulbul importun German: Dunkelbülbül Spanish: Bulbul de Zanzibar
Outeniekwa Forest, Western Cape, South Africa
Subspecies and Distribution
A. i. insularis
Hartlaub, 1861 – extreme S Ethiopia and S Somalia S to coastal C Tanzania (including Zanzibar).
A. i. hypoxanthus
Sharpe, 1876 – coastal SE Tanzania (including Mafia I) S to Mozambique (N of R Save), and SC Zambia and Malawi S to Zimbabwe (except along R Limpopo).
A. i. oleaginus
W. K. H. Peters, 1868 – S Zimbabwe (along R Limpopo), S Mozambique (S of R Save) and lowland N South Africa (S to N KwaZulu-Natal) and E Swaziland.
A. i. importunus
(Vieillot, 1818) – highlands of N South Africa and W Swaziland S along coast to Western Cape.
15–17·5 cm; male 25–30g, female 22–27·5 g (insularis), male 26–40 g, female 24–33 g (other races). A medium-small, plain... read more
Loud and persistent vocalizations given throughout year, during breeding season virtually... read more
Dense coastal scrub, thicket and forest, extending inland in riverine bush and forest; also... read more
Food and feeding
Mostly berries and other fruit, including Bryoscarpus, Chassalia, Commiphora, Cyphostemma, ... read more
Nesting recorded in Apr–Oct and Dec in Kenya, Jan, Mar, May and Oct (birds in breeding condition Nov–Dec and Feb) in Tanzania,... read more
Sedentary; in S Africa, most ringed individuals have been recovered at original ringing sites for... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Generally common to abundant through much of its extensive range. Estimated densities of 21 birds/100 ha in acacia (Acacia)... read more
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