Family Old World Flycatchers and Chats (Muscicapidae)

Least Concern

Sooty Chat (Myrmecocichla nigra)


Taxonomy

French: Traquet commandeur German: Hadesschmätzer Spanish: Zorzal hormiguero negro
Taxonomy:

Œnanthe nigra

Vieillot

, 1818,

west coast of Africa = Malimbe, Angola

.

Monotypic.

Distribution:

Discontinuously SE Nigeria E to S South Sudan, W Kenya and E Tanzania, S to S Angola and S Zambia. Also recorded in Senegal, Gambia and Liberia, but status unknown#R.

Descriptive notes

16–18 cm; 37–46 g. Male is glossy black, with white shoulder patch, dark brown primaries; black bill and legs. Female is dark brown throughout. Juvenile male is... read more

Voice

Song (by both sexes) a relatively quiet but wild-sounding series of slightly varied short phrases... read more

Habitat

Short-grass country with termitaria, with or without scattered bushes; common along roads, in... read more

Food and feeding

Apart from seeds and berries, only insects recorded: caterpillars, termites, ants and grasshoppers. Forages on ground, and probably also... read more

Breeding

Most breeding usually in rains. Almost all year in E Africa, depending on region (no Jul records), May–Jun and Oct in Uganda; Mar and... read more

Movements

Sedentary.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Common locally, especially at higher altitudes, but apparently absent from certain areas which appear suitable (e.g. NW Zambia). Extremely few and... read more

Recommended citation

Collar, N. (2019). Sooty Chat (Myrmecocichla nigra). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/58421 on 17 September 2019).