Caffraria; error = Java.
Sometimes treated as conspecific with P. cafer (which see). Several variable populations in Myanmar and S China reflect a hybrid origin; further review necessary, and some listed races may not be valid. Subspecies form two groups: “aurigaster group” with chrome- to orange-yellow vent (some thais red; apparently no orange-vented hybrids) and “chrysorrhoides group” with red vent. Proposed races deignani (SE Thailand) and innitens (SC Thailand) indistinguishable from thais; and chrysorrhoeus, crocorrhous (both Java) and martini (Sumatra; based on introduced birds) inseparable from nominate. Races chrysorrhoides and resurrectus formerly known respectively as atricapilla and insularis, but these two names preoccupied. Nine subspecies provisionally recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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