French: Marouette de Caroline German: Carolinasumpfhuhn Spanish: Polluela sora
Other common names:
Hudson Bay, Canada
SE Alaska, S Canada and much of USA. Winters from S USA, Mexico and West Indies S to C Peru and E to Guyana.
19–25 cm; unsexed 51–126 (85) g; wingspan 35–40 cm. Black mask and small white patch behind eye. Sexes similar but female slightly smaller, with darker bill... read more
Characteristic breeding-season territorial and contact call, given by both sexes, a high-pitched... read more
Preferred habitats throughout year are freshwater emergent wetlands but often occurs in marshes of... read more
Food and feeding
Omnivorous; common plant foods include duckweed (Lemna), and seeds of wild or cultivated rice (Zizania), Polygonum... read more
USA Apr–Jul. Monogamous and territorial; pair-bond maintained during breeding season. Nest a loosely woven basket of available... read more
Migratory. Movement begins late summer and early autumn, when birds gather in numbers around lakes... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Most abundant and widely distributed North American rail. Current population trends uncertain, but habitat continues to decline... read more
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