J. F. Gmelin, 1788,
Species name sometimes spelt “souimanga”, but that is an unjustified emendation. Present species forms a clade with C. humbloti, C. comorensis, C. coquerellii and C. dussumieri; this clade may have colonized Indian Ocean islands from continental Africa (at earliest 3.9 million years ago) initially through Comoros. Races abbotti and buchenorum have been (and continue to be) given species rank on basis of their dark belly, but molecular analysis places buchenorum closer to Madagascar taxa#R, hence split untenable. Race apolis intergrades with nominate in S Madagascar (Petriky region). Five subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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