Family Painted-snipes (Rostratulidae)

Least Concern

South American Painted-snipe (Nycticryphes semicollaris)


French: Rhynchée de Saint-Hilaire German: Weißflecken-Goldschnepfe Spanish: Aguatero americano

Totanus semi-collaris


, 1816,





Paraguay E to SE Brazil and Uruguay, and S to C Chile and C Argentina.

Descriptive notes

19–23 cm; c. 65–86 g. Longish decurved bill; golden crown stripe, supercilium and “V” on mantle; head, neck and upper breast dark reddish brown; buff... read more


Not well known. A husky muffled note described in flight, although the species generally flushes... read more


Tropical and subtropical lowlands, occurring in open swamps and marshes, along rivers and streams,... read more

Food and feeding

Crustaceans, insects and their larvae, aquatic invertebrates in general, and seeds. In shallow water, takes shellfish using semi-circular... read more


Apparently breeds mainly during austral spring and summer, probably in all months Jul–Feb, depending on local conditions; also... read more


Mainly sedentary. Apparently regular seasonal movements recorded in some areas, e.g. in parts of... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). No precise information available on population levels or trends; secretive and nocturnal habits make species difficult to detect.... read more

Recommended citation

Kirwan, G.M. (2018). South American Painted-snipe (Nycticryphes semicollaris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 11 December 2018).