South America = Colombia.
Usually considered conspecific with P. fasciata, but separable at species level on account of all-yellow vs black-tipped yellow bill (2); darker grey underparts generally, with no shading to white on belly (3); wing-coverts as dark grey as mantle, not paler grey with whitish fringes, resulting in a distinct wingband in flight (2); gloss of nape and mantle green vs bronze (ns). There are also differences with P. fasciata in regard to song (scoring 5–6)#R. Race crissalis somewhat intermediate, with undertail-coverts pale greyish-white, wing-coverts intermediate, and occasionally dusky tip to culmen. Proposed race tucumana (NW Argentina) included within albilinea. Three subspecies recognized.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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