Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Near Threatened

Southern Bristle-tyrant (Pogonotriccus eximius)


French: Tyranneau distingué German: Weißzügel-Laubtyrann Spanish: Orejerito cejudo

Muscicapa eximia


, 1822,

Ipanema, São Paulo, Brazil




SE Brazil (S Mato Grosso do Sul E to Rio de Janeiro, S to N Rio Grande do Sul), E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

11 cm; c. 7–8 g. Has grey crown with olive wash at centre, prominent white supraloral stripe and supercilum extending well behind eye, bordered below by blackish lores... read more


Sings and calls frequently with thin, chittery trills that end emphatically.


Tropical evergreen and lower montane forest and forest borders, mostly near rivers and streams, to... read more

Food and feeding

Arthropods. Usually forages singly or in pairs, only rarely with mixed-species flocks. Perches in mid-storey of forest, posture upright... read more


Jul–Jan. Nest bulky, oven-shaped, a closed/globular/lateral structure with side entrance, constructed mainly from mosses and spider... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common. Population concentrated principally in basin of R Paraná. Occurs in several... read more

Recommended citation

Fitzpatrick, J. (2020). Southern Bristle-tyrant (Pogonotriccus eximius). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 January 2020).