Family Typical Antbirds (Thamnophilidae)

Least Concern

Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird (Sciaphylax hemimelaena)


Taxonomy

French: Alapi rougequeue German: Rotschwanz-Ameisenvogel Spanish: Hormiguero colicastaño sureño
Other common names: Chestnut-tailed Antbird
Taxonomy:

Myrmeciza hemimelæna

P. L. Sclater

, 1857,

Mapiri, La Paz, Bolivia

.

Until recently considered conspecific with S. castanea. Population in middle reaches of R Madeira, in range of race pallens, appears to be genetically distinct#R; further study required. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • S. h. hemimelaena (P. L. Sclater, 1857) – E Peru (S of R Marañón and R Amazon), SW Amazonian Brazil (E to R Madeira, S to Acre) and NW Bolivia W of R Mamoré and R Grande (Pando, La Paz, W Beni, Cochabamba, W Santa Cruz).
  • S. h. pallens (Berlepsch & Hellmayr, 1905) – C Brazil S of R Amazon (R Madeira E to SW Pará, S to Rondônia and W & N Mato Grosso) and NE Bolivia (E Santa Cruz).
  • Descriptive notes

    11–12 cm; 14·5–16·5 g. Male has crown and head side to upper mantle grey with black feather centres, rest of upperparts dark yellowish red-brown,... read more

    Voice

    Loudsong a series of whistles (e.g. 8 notes, 1·6 seconds), begins with abrupt flat notes,... read more

    Habitat

    Understorey and floor of lowland and foothill evergreen forest, from sea-level to 1350 m. Primarily... read more

    Food and feeding

    Feeds on various insects, including orthopterans, hemipterans, lepidopteran larvae; probably also on other arthropods, including spiders.... read more

    Breeding

    Single nests found in Sept and Mar in NW Bolivia. Nest an open cup 10·5–12 cm in diameter, 6–7·5 cm high, made... read more

    Movements

    None recorded; presumed resident.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common throughout most of its range. This includes several large formally protected areas, e.g. Manu National Park and Biosphere... read more

    Recommended citation

    Zimmer, K. & Isler, M.L. (2018). Southern Chestnut-tailed Antbird (Sciaphylax hemimelaena). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/56831 on 15 December 2018).