Family Guineafowl (Numididae)

Least Concern

Southern Crested Guineafowl (Guttera edouardi)


French: Pintade d’Édouard German: Sambesi-Haubenperlhuhn Spanish: Pintada moñuda meridional

Numida Edouardi


, 1867,

coast of KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa


Once considered a separate species from G. pucherani (which then included G. verreauxi), but analysis of morphological characters concluded that the two were conspecific; now, however, separated again from G. pucherani (sensu stricto; see that species) on basis of blackish-grey vs red and blue facial and neck skin (3); hood not descending down front of neck as a short tube but tying up under chin, with brownish-white patch at rear (3); blackish-chestnut collar vs none (3); and different voice, being “a staccato chuk-chuk-chukchukerr#R vs a “very harsh rhythmical clucking with descending churrs”#R (seemingly 3). Differs from G. verreauxi (also previously lumped with G. pucherani) in its blackish-grey face and throat (no red at all) vs blue face with red throat (3); hood tying up under chin, with brownish-white patch at rear vs hood descending as short tube down front of neck (3); broad blackish-chestnut vs black collar (ns[1]); red vs dark eye (2); different voice, being as given above vs “a crack followed by a distinct rapid piping krk pu-pu-pu-pu-pu” (seemingly 3). Described races lividicollis (Zambezi region) and symonsi (KwaZulu-Natal) are regarded as synonyms of nominate edouardisuahelica (coastal S Tanzania) is considered inseparable from barbata. Two subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • G. e. barbata Ghigi, 1905 – SE Tanzania S to N & E Mozambique and W to Malawi.
  • G. e. edouardi (Hartlaub, 1867) – S & E Zambia, NE Namibia and NW Zimbabwe; S Malawi and Mozambique S to NE South Africa (S to CE KwaZulu-Natal).
  • Descriptive notes

    46–56 cm; 1130–1500 g. Lacks red on head; bare skin of head and neck blackish-grey, and has whitish patch covering occipital fold; iris red; bushy black crest;... read more


    Commonest vocalization described as a staccato “chuk-chuk-chukchukerr”. ... read more


    Forest edge, secondary forest and gallery forest; also coastal forest (race barbata).... read more

    Food and feeding

    Omnivorous. Consumes seeds, fruits and berries of various plant families, also shoots, stems, green leaves, bulbs and roots. Animal food... read more


    Peak breeding probably at height of rains, Nov–Feb in S Africa and Zambia. Monogamous. Nest a scrape on ground, with sparse lining... read more


    More or less sedentary.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Total population not yet assessed, but species has very large range within which it is locally common. Shy habits and difficulty of... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N., Christie, D.A. & Kirwan, G.M. (2019). Southern Crested Guineafowl (Guttera edouardi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 19 February 2019).