Family Starlings (Sturnidae)

Least Concern

Southern Hill Myna (Gracula indica)


French: Mainate indien German: Indienbeo Spanish: Miná indio

Eulabes indicus


, 1829,



Formerly considered conspecific with G. religiosa, but maintained as a separate species in HBW, differing in its long, narrow serrated wattle on hindcrown (3); much shorter wings than closest form of G. religiosa (allow 2); proportionately finer bill (allow 1); “striking vocal differences”#R (allow at least 2). Monotypic.


SW India (C & S Western Ghats S of S Maharashtra) and S region of Sri Lanka.

Descriptive notes

23–25 cm; 126 g. Medium-sized black myna with bare patch below eye clearly separated from bare postorbital skin, which extends back to nape, where there is a wattle,... read more


Loud, piercing musical whistles, and harsh guttural notes; alarm a loud squeaky wheeze, close... read more


Wooded country, including evergreen forest and well-wooded cultivated areas; generally between 300... read more

Food and feeding

Diet mainly fruit and nectar: fruit of figs (Ficus) and berries of sapu tree (Michelia champaca) recorded in diet; nectar... read more


Season Feb–May in S India and Mar–Sept (mainly Apr–May) in Sri Lanka. Monogamous. Nests in tree-hole, usually very high... read more


Resident; some local seasonal movements evident, based on records outside usual range.

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Often treated as a race of G. religiosa. Probably not globally threatened. Locally common. Caught in large numbers for... read more

Recommended citation

Craig, A. & Feare, C. (2020). Southern Hill Myna (Gracula indica). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).