French: Vanneau téro German: Bronzekiebitz Spanish: Avefría tero
Subspecies and Distribution
V. c. cayennensis
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – Cayenne Lapwing – Costa Rica, Panama, and N South America (N of R Amazon) S to NE Peru (Loreto); recently expanding N to Nicaragua#R.
V. c. lampronotus
(Wagler, 1827) – R Amazon S through C, E & S Brazil to N & E Bolivia, N Argentina and Uruguay.
V. c. chilensis
(Molina, 1782) – Chilean Lapwing – C Argentina (Mendoza) and C Chile (Atacama; recorded N to Antofagasta) S to Chiloé I and Comodoro Rivadavia.
V. c. fretensis
Brodkorb, 1934 – S Chile and S Argentina.
32–38 cm; 220–426 g. Large, crested lapwing with red carpal spurs, blackish breastband and bronze sheen on greyish-brown upperparts. Sexes alike. No seasonal... read more
Various metallic, cackling or shrill notes and yapping bark-like sounds, e.g. “keek, keek, keek... read more
Breeds in pastures, damp meadows, river plains and open boggy areas with short matted vegetation;... read more
Food and feeding
Mainly insects, e.g. grasshoppers; also earthworms, and perhaps other terrestrial invertebrates; small fish and insect larvae disturbed by... read more
Season Apr–Jul in Venezuela and Jan–Apr in Colombia (cayennensis) but potentially year-round in N Ecuador; late... read more
Largely sedentary, with limited dispersal after breeding season and short-range movements to higher... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). No population estimates available; widespread and abundant throughout much of range. Apparently spreading due to forest clearance (e.... read more
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