Family Swallows and Martins (Hirundinidae)

Least Concern

Southern Martin (Progne elegans)


French: Hirondelle gracieuse German: Blauschwalbe Spanish: Golondrina sureña

Progne elegans

S. F. Baird

, 1865,

Río Bermejo, Argentina


See P. chalybea. Sometimes treated as race of P. modesta. Hybrids with P. chalybea recorded in NW Argentina. Monotypic.


S Bolivia (S from C Cochabamba and W Santa Cruz) and much of Argentina (generally S to Santa Cruz); migrates N to W Amazonia (possibly farther N to Suriname#R).

Descriptive notes

17 cm. Male is dark glossy steel-blue, wings and tail blacker, tail deeply forked. Differs from extremely similar P. subis in slightly longer and more deeply forked... read more


Song is a short gurgle; also makes a harsh contact call and an alarm call.


Open and semi-open areas, including grassland, woodland, scrub, forest and human habitations;... read more

Food and feeding

Diet known to include Lepidoptera, Odonata and Hymenoptera. Feeds alone or in small groups, both high up and low over ground. Frequently... read more


Probably Oct–Feb/Mar. Nest of grass stems and twigs, with a few feathers, placed in hole in cliff, tree or wall or in roof of house;... read more


Migratory, absent from breeding range mainly Apr–Oct. Forms large post-breeding flocks;... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common, especially around towns and cultivated areas.

Recommended citation

Turner, A. (2020). Southern Martin (Progne elegans). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).