Sometimes placed in genus Dytes. Hitherto considered conspecific with P. juninensis, but breeding bird differs by its grey vs white throat and grey vs black forehead (3); large golden-rosette ear-tufts vs shorter gold-stained blackish ear-tufts (2); paler colour of upperparts (ns); broader black area down hindneck and especially on nape (2); migratory vs sedentary behaviour, with non-breeding plumage (2); and lower-pitched voice (1). Also closely related to P. nigricollis, †P. andinus and P. taczanowskii. Hybridization with P. gallardoi recorded. Monotypic.
C & S Chile, C & S Argentina and Falkland Is; winters in N of range.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
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