Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Southern Spotted Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus aequatorialis)


French: Grimpar de Chimbo German: Olivkappen-Baumsteiger Spanish: Trepatroncos manchado sureño

Dendrornis erythropygia aequatorialis

Berlepsch and Taczanowski

, 1884,

Chimbo, Ecuador


Hitherto considered conspecific with X. erythropygius, but differs in its much less obvious, less teardrop-shaped (and often minimal) pale streaking on mantle and back (2); darker chestnut tail (1); slightly less dense pale spotting on underparts (1); higher maximum frequency of whistles in song after first whistle (2), and overslurred vs downslurred whistles in song after first whistle (2)#R. Three subspecies recognized.

What do (1) and (2) mean? Learn more about the scoring system.
Subspecies and Distribution
  • X. a. punctigula (Ridgway, 1889) – SE Nicaragua S to C Panama (E to Veraguas).
  • X. a. insolitus Ridgway, 1909 – C & E Panama (W to Canal Zone) and NW Colombia (S along coast to N Chocó, also lower Cauca Valley in C Antioquia, and middle Magdalena Valley S to N Caldas; also Serranía de San Lucas in Bolívar#R).
  • X. a. aequatorialis (Berlepsch & Taczanowski, 1884) – Pacific slope of W Andes from W Colombia (S from C Chocó, also upper Atrato Valley) S to SW Ecuador (S to W Loja).
  • Descriptive notes

    21–23 cm; male 40–54 g, female 40–46 g. Medium-sized woodcreeper with bill relatively long, slightly decurved and gradually tapering. Similar to X. triangularis but... read more


    Relatively vocal. Song, given intermittently, mostly at dawn and dusk (less frequently during day... read more


    Humid forest in both lowlands and upper elevations, including tall evergreen forest of tropical... read more

    Food and feeding

    Diet mostly arthropods, but small vertebrates and, occasionally, vegetable matter also taken. Primarily cockroaches (Blattodea), beetles,... read more


    Breeds Mar–Jun in Costa Rica and in Panama (where also seen feeding young out of nest in late Aug); in NW Colombia, breeding-condition... read more



    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Uncommon to fairly common or locally common in humid foothill and lower montane forests throughout range; decidedly scarce or absent... read more

    Recommended citation

    del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Kirwan, G.M. (2020). Southern Spotted Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus aequatorialis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).