French: Calao leucomèle German: Südlicher Gelbschnabeltoko Spanish: Toco piquigualdo sureño
M. H. C. Lichtenstein
Vaal River, South Africa
Subspecies and Distribution
T. l. elegans
Hartlaub, 1865 – SW Angola and NW Namibia.
T. l. leucomelas
(M. H. C. Lichtenstein, 1842) – N & C Namibia E to S Malawi, W Mozambique and N & E South Africa.
40 cm; male 153–242 g, female 138–211 g. Small, black and white hornbill with spotted wing-coverts, white in outer tail, and long yellow bill with only slight... read more
A long, fast series of mellow clucking notes, often increasing in speed and amplitude (especially... read more
Scattered trees along watercourses in semi-desert in W, throughout open savanna and woodland in E. read more
Food and feeding
Diet mainly arthropods, especially termites, ants, beetles, caterpillars and grasshoppers, but also centipedes, scorpions, solifugids; some... read more
Lays after first summer rains, in Sept–Mar; rarely, second brood. Territorial in pairs. Nest in natural cavity 0·8–12... read more
Local seasonal movements reported from lowveld to escarpment of South Africa, and in more arid... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened. Widespread and common in most parts of range, at densities of c. 1 pair/20 ha. Remains in areas with various forms of farming, and eliminated only... read more
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