C. L. Brehm, 1861,
Formerly considered conspecific with A. heliaca; substantial differences in morphology and ecology, as well as molecular data, however, support treatment as distinct species#R#R#R, differing by its pure white vs brown leading edge of wing, above and below, with larger white shoulder patch (3); flight-feathers darker and less barred, the inner tail paler grey and appearing unbarred (closely barred in heliaca) (2); markedly different juvenile plumage, being rufous-brown and almost plain vs sand-coloured with obvious streaking (and pale markings in wing also differently shaped) (3); and sedentary vs mostly migratory behaviour (1). Monotypic.
C, W & S Spain; formerly more widespread over Iberia, occurring also in Morocco (where now perhaps only a winter visitor) and probably Algeria; has recently recolonized Portugal.
Food and feeding
Status and conservation
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!