Family Hummingbirds (Trochilidae)

Least Concern

Speckled Hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys)


Taxonomy

French: Colibri moucheté German: Schwarzohrkolibri Spanish: Colibrí jaspeado
Taxonomy:

Trochilus melanogenys

Fraser

, 1840,

Bogotá, Colombia

.

Relationships uncertain. Recent study of this genus#R, based on molecular, morphological and ecological data, recovered six monophyletic clades with distributional limits at well-defined geographical barriers, morphological traits in independent phylogroups being related more to environmental heterogeneity than to geographical barriers; the results did not correspond with currently recognized limits of subspecies; further study needed. Race chlorospila sometimes considered synonymous with inornata. Eight subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • A. m. debellardiana Aveledo & Pérez, 1994 – Sierra de Perijá, on N Colombia–NW Venezuela border.
  • A. m. aeneosticta Simon, 1889 – mountains of N Venezuela (Falcón E to Miranda).
  • A. m. melanogenys (Fraser, 1840) – Andes of W Venezuela (Mérida) and E range in Colombia S on E slope to SC Peru.
  • A. m. cervina Gould, 1872 – W & C Andes of Colombia.
  • A. m. connectens Meyer de Schauensee, 1945 – upper Magdalena Valley (Huila), in S Colombia.
  • A. m. maculata Gould, 1861 – W slope of Andes from SW Colombia (Nariño) S to NW Peru (La Libertad).
  • A. m. chlorospila Gould, 1872 – SE Peru (S Cuzco).
  • A. m. inornata (Gould, 1846) – Yungas of Bolivia and NW Argentina (Salta, Jujuy).
  • Descriptive notes

    8·5–9 cm; male 4·9 g, female 4·2 g, unsexed 3·5 g. Sexes alike. Short straight black bill; blackish cheeks, buffy white streak behind the... read more

    Voice

    Song a monotonous series of high-pitched “tsee” notes (c. 2 notes/second), occasionally... read more

    Habitat

    Humid forest, forest borders and along watercourses, at 1000–2500 m, commonest around 2000 m... read more

    Food and feeding

    Nectar of flowering shrubs and vines, including Lobelia, Fuchsia, Psammisia, Palicourea and Bomarea... read more

    Breeding

    Nests have been found all year round, chiefly from Jan to mid-May. Bulky cup-shaped nest of moss and cobweb, lined with fine plant fibre,... read more

    Movements

    Mainly sedentary; individuals may disperse to lower altitudes after the breeding period.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. A very common hummingbird of moderate elevations in the Andes. Particularly abundant in the W Andes above Cali (SW Colombia... read more

    Recommended citation

    Schuchmann, K.L. & Boesman, P. (2019). Speckled Hummingbird (Adelomyia melanogenys). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from https://www.hbw.com/node/55527 on 19 February 2019).