Family Tyrant-flycatchers (Tyrannidae)

Least Concern

Spectacled Bristle-tyrant (Pogonotriccus orbitalis)


French: Tyranneau à lunettes German: Augenring-Laubtyrann Spanish: Orejerito de anteojos

Capsiempis orbitalis


, 1873,

Monterico, Peru


Close to P. venezuelanus and P. lanyoni. Monotypic.


Locally in E Andes of extreme S Colombia (W Putumayo) S to E Ecuador, and from Peru (S from S Amazonas) S to Bolivia (La Paz, Cochabamba).

Descriptive notes

11·5 cm; 8 g. Has grey crown, yellowish-white lores and prominent eyering; face and auriculars mottled yellowish, faintly bordered above and behind by indistinct... read more


Not very vocal; soft series of “tic” notes rising and falling slightly, sometimes given... read more


Humid montane forest, especially in dark, wet ravines and on lower-elevation ridgetops below mossy... read more

Food and feeding

Stomach contents from SE Peru contained 66 identified items: beetles (Coleoptera) 56%, homopteran bugs 12%, hymenopterans 23% (ants 12%,... read more


Birds with enlarged gonads, and juveniles present, in Oct and Nov in SE Peru, suggesting season Sept–Dec. No other information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Generally rare, but locally fairly common; easily overlooked. Fairly common in SE Peru; listed as “near-threatened” in Ecuador. Occurs in Pilón Lajas... read more

Recommended citation

Fitzpatrick, J. (2019). Spectacled Bristle-tyrant (Pogonotriccus orbitalis). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 12 December 2019).