Family Parrots (Psittacidae)

Least Concern

Spectacled Parrotlet (Forpus conspicillatus)


French: Toui à lunettes German: Brillensperlingspapagei Spanish: Cotorrita de anteojos

Psittacula conspicillata


, 1848,

Honda, upper Magdalena Valley, Colombia


Proposed race pallescens (Patía Valley in SW Colombia) is a nomen nudum. Status of recently described form F. flavicollis, based on photograph of some caged birds (several of which were designated as syntypes)#R, is debatable#R#R: considered a synonym of conspicillatus by some authors#R, but paucity of data in original description and lack of specimen mean it is likely to be treated as a nomen dubium unless additional material is located#R. Three subspecies recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • F. c. conspicillatus (Lafresnaye, 1848) – E Panama and NC Colombia (N Antioquia to Cesar and Magdalena Valley).
  • F. c. metae Borrero & Hernández-Camacho, 1961 – C Colombia (Meta) E to W Venezuela (along R Meta, in S Apure).
  • F. c. caucae (Chapman, 1915) – W Colombia (from middle Cauca Valley S to SW Nariño).
  • Descriptive notes

    12–13 cm; 24–28 g. Grass green on forehead, face and throat, duller on back, wings and tail, with deep blue lower back, rump and secondaries, paler blue on... read more


    Call is a passerine-like “chit” or bisyllabic “chidit”, given both in flight and perched. Groups in... read more


    Lowland evergreen forest edge, gallery forest, semi-open deciduous woodland, llanos, secondary... read more

    Food and feeding

    Grass seeds taken from ground, berries, fruits, buds and probably blossoms from bushes.


    Dec–Mar in Colombia. Nest a hole in a stump, tree, termitarium or fence post made of bamboo (Guadea), often as low as 1... read more


    No information.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. CITES II. Some habitat destruction and illegal trade has affected the species in Venezuela and it is fairly uncommon in Panama, but in Colombia it... read more

    Recommended citation

    Collar, N. & Boesman, P. (2019). Spectacled Parrotlet (Forpus conspicillatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 14 December 2019).