French: Ada clignot German: Brillendunkeltyrann Spanish: Viudita picoplata
J. F. Gmelin, 1789,
Two subspecies recognized.
Subspecies and Distribution
H. p. perspicillatus
(J. F. Gmelin, 1789) – extreme SE Brazil (Rio Grande do Sul) and Uruguay S in lowlands to CS Argentina (Río Negro); winters in Paraguay, C Bolivia and S Brazil.
H. p. andinus
(Ridgway, 1879) – C Chile (Atacama S to Los Lagos; sparsely farther S in W Andes) and S Argentina (W Río Negro, Chubut, N Santa Cruz); winters in N Argentina.
13–16 cm. Distinctive, with prominent greenish-tinged yellow fleshy wattle around eye. Male is black overall; primaries mostly white with black base and tips (visible... read more
Usually silent. Male utters a series of thin, squeaky notes; during display, male utters “zheeeee... read more
Marshes, grassy or shrubby areas, rivers, open lands, and fields and pastures near water; sea-level... read more
Food and feeding
Insects. In a study in the SE Pampas region food items brought to nestlings were basically insects (94%), but also spiders (Araneidae,... read more
Oct–Jan in Argentina and Nov–Jan in Chile. During spectacular display, male rises up to 10 m above perch, making loud bill-snap... read more
Partial migrant; some populations in S Paraguay apparently resident. After breeding, nominate race... read more
Status and conservation
Not globally threatened (Least Concern). Fairly common to common. Abundant near coastal marshes in S Buenos Aires (Argentina) in Apr. Fairly common in Los Glaciares National... read more
Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Login or Subscribe to get access to a lot of extra features!