Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Spix's Spinetail (Synallaxis spixi)


French: Synallaxe de Spix German: Spixdickichtschlüpfer Spanish: Pijuí plomizo

Synallaxis Spixi

P. L. Sclater

, 1856,

São Paulo, Brazil


Sister to S. hypospodia, and previously considered conspecific (see that species). Monotypic.


SE Brazil (S from SE Bahia and S Espírito Santo), E Paraguay, NE Argentina (S to E Santa Fe, Entre Ríos and N Buenos Aires) and Uruguay.

Descriptive notes

16–17 cm; 12–14 g. Typical Synallaxis with contrasting crown and wings, dark throat patch. Face is dark greyish-brown with paler eyeline; forehead to... read more


Most frequent vocalization a hurried “whít, di-di-di” or “swé... read more


Second-growth scrub, riparian thickets and cerrado; open areas, usually with mix of tall... read more

Food and feeding

Little known. Usually in pairs, mainly in understorey, occasionally on ground. Presumably gleans arthropods from foliage and small branches... read more


Season during austral spring-summer; eggs in Nov–Jan in Argentina. Presumably monogamous. Nest a globular or cylindrical mass c. 20... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Fairly common to common over much of its range; rare in extreme S. Occurs in several protected areas. Presumably benefits from deforestation.

Recommended citation

Remsen, J.V., Jr (2019). Spix's Spinetail (Synallaxis spixi). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 7 December 2019).