Family Ovenbirds (Furnariidae)

Least Concern

Spix's Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus spixii)


French: Grimpar de Spix German: Spixbaumsteiger Spanish: Trepatroncos de Spix

Picolaptes Spixii


, 1830,

no locality = Pará, Brazil


Closest to X. elegans, the two regarded as conspecific by some authors but normally treated as separate species; recent analyses based on genetic and morphological data support recognition of two species. Races juruanus and insignis here considered races of X. elegans, although usually treated as races of present species (see that species). Monotypic.


SE Amazonian Brazil S of Amazon, from R Tapajós and N bank of R Teles Pires E to N Maranhão (including Marajó I) and W Tocantins#R; purported record from Ceará (NE Brazil) involved a misidentified subadult Dendroplex picus.

Descriptive notes

18·5–21 cm; 27–36 g. ­Medium-sized woodcreeper with moderately long, slim bill only slightly decurved. Has dusky brown face finely streaked buff, pale... read more


Song a rapid and slightly descending trill ending in terminal whine, 30 notes in 3–3·5... read more


Chiefly evergreen forest, mainly terra firme forest, but ranging into várzea... read more

Food and feeding

Largely insectivorous; various orthopterans, including a large grasshopper (Acrididae), observed being taken over ant swarms. Stomach... read more


Poorly known. Specimens in breeding condition in late Nov to late Feb (Marajó I), and nests with eggs in mid-Dec to early Mar; moulting... read more


Presumably resident; some individually marked birds remained within relatively small area for up to... read more

Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Uncommon to fairly common in lowland forest throughout limited range. Believed to be highly sensitive to loss and fragmentation of forest. An... read more

Recommended citation

Marantz, C.A., Aleixo, A., Bevier, L.R. & Patten, M.A. (2020). Spix's Woodcreeper (Xiphorhynchus spixii). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 17 February 2020).