Family Woodpeckers (Picidae)

Near Threatened

Splendid Woodpecker (Campephilus splendens)


French: Pic resplendissant German: Bänder-Blutbauchspecht Spanish: Picamaderos esplendoroso

Campophilus [sic] splendens


, 1889,

Puerto Valdivia, Antioquia, Colombia


Formerly (along with C. haematogaster) placed, with all current congeners except C. magellanicus, C. principalis and C. imperialis, in genus Phloeoceastes. Usually regarded as conspecific with C. haematogaster, but differs in having three large buff vs two mid-sized white spots on flight-feathers (apparently previously undocumented in the literature) (3); red vs black on mid-throat to upper breast on male (3); shade deeper scarlet crown (ns[1]); buff submoustachial extends down neck side (2); generally slightly more barred and mottled underparts and back (ns[1]); reputedly different voice#R, consisting simply of a loud “stk” rather than a loud “stk! st-kr-r-r-r-r-r-r” (at least 1). Monotypic.


Panama to W Ecuador.

Descriptive notes

33–34 cm; 225–250 g. Male has buffish nasal tufts, thin buff supercilium behind eye, broad buff cheekband with downward extension to lower neck side, black line from forehead... read more


Loud “stk”. Song a repetition of harsh, nasal, squeaky but loud “eer” notes. Drumming a rapid,... read more


Humid and wet forest, montane forest, and forest edges; most frequent inside tall forest, including... read more

Food and feeding

Diet poorly known; predominantly large beetles (Coleoptera), both adults and larvae, insects. Forages mostly on trunks of large trees at... read more


Little known. Breeding has been recorded in Mar–May in Panama.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near Threatened. Global population not yet quantified; appears to be rare in Panama and rare to locally uncommon to rare in... read more

Recommended citation

del Hoyo, J., Collar, N. & Christie, D.A. (2020). Splendid Woodpecker (Campephilus splendens). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 25 February 2020).