Family Toucans (Ramphastidae)

Least Concern

Spot-billed Toucanet (Selenidera maculirostris)


French: Toucanet à bec tacheté German: Fleckenarassari Spanish: Tucanete piquimaculado

Pteroglossus maculirostris

M. H. C. Lichtenstein

, 1823,



Traditionally thought probably to form a species-group with S. reinwardtii, S. gouldii and S. nattereri; S. spectabilis and S. piperivora have sometimes been included, but these two appear to differ from others in voice and display behaviour. Present species is closely related to, and sometimes treated as conspecific with, S. gouldii. Forms described as hellmayri (NC Brazil) and baturitensis (NE Brazil), usually treated as part of S. gouldii but sometimes included in present species, are apparently invalid, being result only of clinal variation. Monotypic.


Atlantic Forest of SE Brazil (S Bahia and E Minas Gerais S to Paraná and Santa Catarina, possibly to Rio Grande do Sul), also adjacent E Paraguay and NE Argentina (Misiones).

Descriptive notes

33–37 cm; 137–193 g. Male with black head and underparts, green upper­parts and tail, with gold-yellow ear-tuft, yellow hindcollar, yellow-gold flank mark,... read more


Gruff, growling “ggrooaw” to “kkrowk” notes in series lasting to c. 15... read more


Subtropical moist primary forest, selectively cut forest, nearby secondary patches, palm groves of... read more

Food and feeding

Fruits of Euterpe, Cecropia and others; captures insects; vertebrates probably also taken; in captivity eats many... read more


Dec–Jun in N, Oct–Jan in S part of range. Most data from aviary birds. Nests in pairs, territorial. Male courtship-feeds,... read more



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened (Least Concern). CITES II. Sizeable populations exist in some protected areas in Brazil, such as around Iguaçu, but locally threatened in other... read more

Recommended citation

Short, L.L. (2020). Spot-billed Toucanet (Selenidera maculirostris). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 22 February 2020).