Family New World Barbets (Capitonidae)

Least Concern

Spot-crowned Barbet (Capito maculicoronatus)


French: Cabézon à calotte tachetée German: Tropfenbartvogel Spanish: Cabezón pechiblanco

Capito maculicoronatus


, 1861,

Atlantic side of Isthmus of Panama


Genetic data#R indicate that this species and C. squamatus are sister-taxa; the two, which share some plumage patterns, are separated geographically by divergent C. quinticolor. Proposed forms pirrensis (from S Panama and NW Colombia) and melas (Caribbean E Panama) appear indistinguishable from rubrilateralis. Two subspecies currently recognized.

Subspecies and Distribution
  • C. m. maculicoronatus Lawrence, 1861 – W Panama (Veraguas) E to Canal Zone.
  • C. m. rubrilateralis Chapman, 1912 – E Panama to NW Colombia (E to Antioquia and S to Valle).
  • Descriptive notes

    16–18 cm; 44–66 g. Black, white and yellow barbet, mainly plain black above. Male nominate race with crown spotted brown-white; white throat, white giving way to... read more


    Song a series of harsh “kkaaak” notes, gradually shifting to “kkkaakkk”... read more


    Inhabits wet primary lowland and hill forest, and occasionally secondary forest. Occurs from sea-... read more

    Food and feeding

    Various drupes, other fruits, berries; also insects, such as Orthoptera. Forages in mid-storey to canopy. At times follows army ants,... read more


    Birds in breeding condition Dec–Apr, excavating nest in Mar, in Colombia, and in Feb in Panama; fledged young in early Jun in Panama... read more


    Mostly resident, presumed to be sedentary, though possibly a short-distance migrant in places.

    Status and conservation

    Not globally threatened. Uncommon to locally fairly common in Panama, where perhaps most numerous in Darién zone; fairly common in Colombia. Species’ dependence on forest... read more

    Recommended citation

    Short, L.L., Horne, J.F.M. & Bonan, A. (2020). Spot-crowned Barbet (Capito maculicoronatus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 29 March 2020).