Family Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae)

Near Threatened

Spot-necked Bulbul (Pycnonotus tympanistrigus)


French: Bulbul à cou tacheté German: Halsfleckbülbül Spanish: Bulbul cuellipinto

Ixos tympanistrigus

S. Müller

, 1836,



Placed in genus Alcurus, alongside P. striatus and P. leucogrammicus, by some recent authors#R; similarity in plumage to P. zeylanicus noted by others. Taxonomic affinities require review, including analysis of morphology, voice, behaviour and genetics. Monotypic.


Hill ranges of W Sumatra (Aceh S to Sumatra Selatan).

Descriptive notes

16 cm. Medium-small, relatively rotund, brownish bulbul. Crown, nape and mantle are dull greenish-brown; cheeks and face whitish, tiny blackish barbs on malar and ear-coverts... read more


Disyllabic “tdip-diew”, first note higher; presumed alarm note a repeated emphatic... read more


Evergreen forest, edges and second growth; at 300–1400 m, usually commonest at mid-elevations... read more

Food and feeding

Diet includes berries and other small fruits, possibly also some insects. Normally in pairs or very small (family?) groups in middle storey... read more


No information.



Status and conservation

Not globally threatened. Currently considered Near-threatened. Restricted-range species: present in Sumatra and Peninsular Malaysia EBA. Until recently was considered quite... read more

Recommended citation

Fishpool, L. & Tobias, J. (2020). Spot-necked Bulbul (Pycnonotus tympanistrigus). In: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., Sargatal, J., Christie, D.A. & de Juana, E. (eds.). Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. (retrieved from on 23 January 2020).