Species

HBW Alive provides full accounts for every bird species known to science up to June 2013, including distribution maps and color illustrations. Check out these recently updated species or search the species you want.

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Maned Owl (Jubula lettii)

Taxonomy:

Bubo letti

Büttikofer, 1889, Passy District, Liberia.

Affinities uncertain. Sometimes suggested that genus be merged with Neotropical Lophostrix; superficial similarities in appearance and similar...

Descriptive notes: 34–40 cm; 1 male 183 g. Highly distinctive. Elongated crown and nape feathers forming brown and white “mane”, merging with long, bushy brown-and-white ear tufts; rufous facial disc edged in brown, with...
figure, drawing, illustration of Maned Owl (Jubula lettii)

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Taxonomy:

Trochilus rufus

J. F. Gmelin, 1788, Nootka Sound, Vancouver Island, Canada.

Closely related to S. sasin (see below). Monotypic.

Descriptive notes: c. 8·5 cm; 2·9–3·9 g. Male has medium-short, straight black bill; crown bronze or bronze-green, remaining upperparts rufous, occasionally with a few green feathers on the back; throat iridescent scarlet-bronze...
figure, drawing, illustration of Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Spot-winged Wood-quail (Odontophorus capueira)

Taxonomy:

Perdix capueira

Spix, 1825, Rio de Janeiro and Minas Gerais, Brazil.

Race plumbeicollis not well defined and possibly undiagnosable, seemingly based on a unique type#R....

Descriptive notes: 26·5–30 cm; estimated weight of male 457 g, of female 396 g. Bright red bare eyering and eyelid. Sides of head, malar region, chin, throat, breast and belly plain grey; overall colour brown to grey. Crest and crown...
figure, drawing, illustration of Spot-winged Wood-quail (Odontophorus capueira)

Black-and-chestnut Eagle (Spizaetus isidori)

Taxonomy:

Falco Isidori

Des Murs, 1845, Bogotá, Colombia.

Previously placed in monotypic genus Oroaetus, but recent phylogenetic study found this species to be nested among the New World Spizaetus...

Descriptive notes: 60–80 cm, wingspan 144–166 cm. Large, stocky eagle with relatively short tail but long wings. Head, crest, neck and upperparts black, below chestnut streaked with black; thighs black, feathered tarsi chestnut; tail...
figure, drawing, illustration of Black-and-chestnut Eagle (Spizaetus isidori)

Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)

Taxonomy:

Falco rusticolus

Linnaeus, 1758, Sweden.

Closest to F. cherrug; genetic data indicate that these two, along with F. biarmicus and F. jugger, form a group of closely...

Descriptive notes: 48–60 cm; male 769–1450 g, female 1130–2150 g; wingspan 105–135 cm. The largest Falco, with larger head, deeper chest, relatively short but broad outer wings and longer tail than other large falcons....
figure, drawing, illustration of Gyrfalcon (Falco rusticolus)